Category Archives: Applications

New instruments for advanced Distance Learning Universities – the virtual lab on Lighting technique

The use of innovative high technology-based instruments to deliver higher education in e-learning Universities is a challenge that must be addressed to satisfy the growing request for distance education in high technologies. (…)This paper intends to prove the valuable contribution that advanced distance learning Universities may give to their students, by illustrating an instance of a dynamic virtual laboratory developed for a specific course at the Guglielmo Marconi University.

View full Article in PDF

The didactics of foreign languages and multimedia technology: teaching to translate

This article aims to provide an example of the application of multimedia technologies to the learning of foreign languages. We will present the case of a French Language and Translation course for intermediate learners implemented at Guglielmo Marconi University. The course is divided into two parts: the first part is composed of a multimedia course created by other teachers of the university, while the second consists of ten video lessons recorded by me and devoted to the theory and practice of translation, referring specifically to Italian and French.

View full Article in PDF

Online discussion forums: a tool for stimulating language teachers’ interaction and reflection

Teachers’ approaches and decisions in the classroom are guided by their beliefs on what it means to teach and to learn, which are formed along their lives both as students and as teachers. (…) Considering the importance of reflection in teacher education, in this paper, we discuss the interactive potential of online discussion forums in a graduate course to foster language teachers’ reflection of their beliefs and classroom practices. (…)The findings point out that understanding, interpreting and confronting beliefs can be a path to the transformation of teachers’ reflective and teaching practices. When contrasting their beliefs with other people’s beliefs, teachers can trigger a process of self-analysis of their roles as language teachers. They also emphasize that the use of online discussion forums as a pedagogical tool can contribute in this direction.

View full Article in PDF


Using the virtual classroom system to teach a traditional girls’ classroom: benefits & challenges

This paper focuses on fulltime girls students’ perspectives of using the virtual classroom (via the Blackboard system) as a main teaching tool to deliver and teach learning materials. It also presents teachers’ views on using this system in comparison with the videoconference system used by male faculty staff members to teach female students at their campuses. (…)

View full Article in PDF

Development of authoring tools for online-courses with assignments

Today’s workforce faces a dynamic world with changing occupations, tasks, and demanding technologies – forcing people to adapt their skills and competences permanently to new requirements. Many achieve further qualifications in parallel to their working careers, often without adequate support or suitable educational institutions. Competence-based learning (CBL) aims for including formal and informal learning into everyday life: at the workplace or during leisure activities.

View full Article in PDF

Instructional delivery utilizing a blended format

Current trends in technology and new strategies in curriculum design have yielded a new methodology for content area course delivery. Blended learning is now being utilized in many colleges and universities to deliver instruction with a balanced approach in mind. This format provides new avenues in curriculum design and instructional delivery. Blended learning unites the best of both worlds in a post-secondary instructional model.

View full Article in PDF

Competitive strategies as an effective instrument of enterprise development

Nowadays the business environment is very unstable, so the companies should adapt quickly to the changes in the market to maintain their positions. That’s why the effective instruments of management will provide their success. The most successful companies are those that focus their efforts strategically. A successful strategy adds value for the targeted customers over the long run by consistently meeting their needs better than the competition does.

View full Article in PDF

Advanced inter-organizational collaboration for knowledge transfer in educational systems

Inter-organisational collaboration is forced and based on knowledge transfer. Educational systems are fields of application, research subjects as well as training provision domains for knowledge transfer in inter-organisational context.

View full Article in PDF

Cogent: a case study of meaningful gamification in education with virtual currency

This paper analyzes students’ experience with Cogent, a virtual economy system used throughout the 4 years of a B.S. degree in a Technology major. The case study explains the rules of the Cogent system and investigates its effectiveness to motivate students to learn. Using focus groups and interviews, we collected qualitative data from students about their experience and perceptions of Cogent. The results indicate that Cogent played an encouraging and motivational role for these students and suggest potential for the successful design and implementation of meaningful gamification systems to promote student motivation and engagement within an educational context. (…)

Article first published in “iJET – International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning”, V. 10 (2015), n. 1, as open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (

View full article in PDF

Critical connections: personal learning environments and information literacy

Personal learning environments (PLEs) and critical information literacies (CILs) are two concepts that have been presented as responses to the challenges of the rich and complex information landscape. While both approaches support learners’ critical engagement with new information environments, each was developed within a different field. This paper connects and contrasts PLEs and CILs in order to explore the design of pedagogical responses to the information environment. Through a careful examination of PLE and CIL literature, the paper demonstrates that information literacy education intersects with the concepts and goals of PLEs. As such, the authors suggest that PLE scholarship informed by CIL scholarship, and vice versa, will yield a deeper understanding of modern learning contexts as well as a more holistic and responsive learner framework. (…)

Article first published in “Research in Learning Technology”, V. 23 (2015), and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0) License (

View full article in PDF

A novel real-time video transmission approach for remote laboratory development

Remote laboratories are an inevitable necessity for Internet enabled education in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) fields due to their effectiveness, flexibility, cost savings, and the fact that they provide many benefits to students, instructors and researchers. Accordingly, real-time experiment live video streaming is an essential part of remote experimentation operation. Nevertheless, in the development of real-time experiment video transmission, it is a key and difficult issue that the video is transferred across the network firewall in most of the current remote laboratory solutions. To address the network firewall issue, we developed a complete novel solution via HTTP Live Streaming (HLS) protocol and FFMPEG that is a powerful cross-platform command line video transcode/encoding software package on the server side. In this paper, a novel, real-time video streaming transmission approach based on HLS for the remote laboratory development is presented. (…)

Article first published in “iJOE International Journal of Online Engineering”, V. 11 (2015), n. 1, as open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (

View full article in PDF

Private label electrical goods and Indian consumers

Organized Retailers use private label brands to compete with the national brands by setting competitive price for products. Determining customer perception towards private label brands is an essential part of a retailer’s marketing strategy formulation process. To gain this understanding with respect to Indian customers, present study was conducted by using the personal survey method on respondents from the northern part of India. Study conducted through structured undisguised questionnaire, using 5 – point Likert scale. Hypothesis framed for the research work have been tested with the help of t-test and Chi-square test. Study reveals that parameters like scheme, brand design and price shows different opinion of respondents.

Received: 10 March 2014
Revised: 10 June 2014

View full article in PDF

A multiclass-based classification strategy for rethorical sentence categorization from scientific papers

Rapid identification of content structures in a scientific paper is of great importance particularly for those who actively engage in frontier research. This paper presents a multi-classifier approach to identify such structures in terms of classification of rhetorical sentences in scientific papers. The idea behind this approach is based on an observation that no single classifier is the best performer for classifying all rhetorical categories of sentences. Therefore, our approach learns which classifiers are good at what categories, assign the classifiers for those categories and apply only the right classifier for classifying a given category. This paper employsk-fold cross validation over training data to obtain the category-classifier mapping and then re-learn the classification model of the corresponding classifier using full training data on that particular category. This approach has been evaluated for identifying sixteen different rhetorical categories on sentences collected from ACL-ARC paper collection. The experimental results show that the multi-classifier approach can significantly improve the classification performance over multi-label classifiers.

Article first published in “Journal of ICT Research and Applications”, V. 7 (2013), n. 3, pp. 235-249. Reprinted with permission.

View full article in PDF

Increasing quality in large scale university courses. E-flashcards as an approach to support active learning and individual facilitation

Quality of education should be stable or permanently increased – even if the number of students rises. Quality of education is often related to possibilities for active learning and individual facilitation. This paper deals with the question how high-quality learning within oversized courses could be enabled and it presents the approach of e-flashcards that enables active learning and individual facilitation within large scale university courses.

Article first published in “eleed”, n. 9, Reprinted with permission.

View full article in PDF

Ghosts, stars, and learning online: Analysis of interaction patterns in student online discussions

Discussions are commonly used in online teaching and have been shown to foster student learning and collaboration. This case study uses content analysis to explore the interaction patterns of student online discussions during a semester-long teacher preparation course using concepts from sociometry. Findings suggest that interaction patterns were influenced by the content of student posts. Online discussions in this case were found to be an equitable form of collaborative learning, enabling each student to have a voice. There were, however, indications that gendered ways of knowing may play a role in the content of interaction, if not in the patterns themselves.

Article first published in “IRRODL The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning”, V. 15 (2014), n. 3, as open access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

View full article in PDF

Is Finnish higher education a model or a myth? The case study of Erasmus mobility from Italy to Finland

The top ranking of Finland in OECD’s statistics seems not to affect the destination choices of Italian students going abroad. Finnish leadership in Higher Quality Education seems neither a significant aspect nor a decisive element in choosing to study in Finland.

Received: 24 July 2013

Revised: 12 September 2013

View full article in PDF

PowerPoint: It’s not yes or no, it’s when and how

A great deal of research has been done on the use of PowerPoint in the classroom. Most of it has used student acceptance of PowerPoint as the measure of its effectiveness, and these results have overwhelmingly shown that students like PowerPoint. However, most studies measuring PowerPoint’s impact on learning have not shown any benefit from its use, and there is no shortage of articles blaming PowerPoint itself for these results. In this paper we show that the problem lies in the way in which PowerPoint is used rather than with the technology itself, and that more information is needed to fully understand how and when to use PowerPoint to enhance learning.

Article first published in “Research in Higher Education Journal”, Vol. 22 (2013), December. Reprinted with permission.

View full article in PDF

Tablets (iPad) for M-learning in the context of social constructivism to institute an effective learning environment

With the proliferation of mobile devices, educational institutions have experimented with various mobile devices to implement mobile learning (M-Learning). Mobile devices have been used to facilitate, support, and enhance and extend the reach of teaching and learning. Although there are very few empirically evaluated studies on M-Learning projects, these studies reported that mobile devices brought a transformation to the educational process.

Article first published in “International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM)”, V. 8 (2014), n. 2, as open access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

View full article in PDF

Future direction for next generation Web

We explore recent developments on the Web and forecast future development trends of Next Generation Web. This is based upon the current technologies and emerging Web technologies developed by international standard organizations.

Article first published in “International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET)”, V. 8 (2013), n. 6, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0

View full article in PDF

The competencies required for effective performance in a university e-learning environment

The aim of this study was to identify and rate the importance of the competencies required by students for effective performance in a university e-learning environment mediated by a learning management system.

Article first published in “Australasian Journal of Educational Technology”, V. 29 (2013), n. 6, pp. 777-791

Reprinted with permission

View full article in PDF

Data display in qualitative research

This study reviewed the data displays used by three prestigious qualitative research journals within a period of three years. The findings include the types of displays used in these qualitative journals, the frequency of use, and the purposes for using visual displays as opposed to presenting data in text.

Article first published in “International Journal of Qualitative Methods”, n. 12 (2013) and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons‐Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike License 4.0 International and reprinted with permission.

View full article in PDF

Employability in online higher education: a case study

Over the past 15 years, learning in distance education universities has become more interactive, flexible, collaborative, and participative. Nevertheless, some accounts have highlighted the importance of developing more instrumental and standardized educational practices to answer the challenges of employability. In fact, the choice of skills that are important to learning communities and the labour market has been the subject of controversy because it involves heterogeneous motives among different groups.
This paper compares the perceptions of employability skills in a sample of teachers from the Universidade Aberta and a sample of students who attend a local learning centre at this University. The research focused on the following dimensions: the most important employability skills, and the employability skills to be developed in online undergraduate degrees. To collect the required data, a questionnaire was prepared and applied to students and teachers taking the theoretical model of Knight and Yorke as its main reference. In spite of the specificity of each group, the results revealed some similarities between students and teachers with regard to employability. The conclusions also highlighted the need to promote research on this matter in online education.

Article first published in IRRODL The International Review of Research in open and distance learning, V. 14, n. 1, pp. 106-125, as open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence.

View full article in PDF

El e-learning 2.0: de la tecnologia a la metodologia

This article provides a theoretical framework through which shows the evolution of the different times that the Internet has developed and the educational possibilities that implies, through the evolution of e-learning, critical analysis on the errors in application, and the move towards the concept of e-learning 2.0, through tools such as social networking and personal learning environments, its most significant features and educational potential that arise when incorporate them into practice in higher education institutions.

Copyright 2012 Maria Carmen Llorente Cejudo. Article first published in Revista d´innovacio educativa, Monografico: Experiencias pedagogicas, innovacion e investigacion en ambitos educativos universitarios, n. 9, 2012, pp. 79-86. Reprinted with permission

View full Article in PDF

The approach of an intelligent system for stopping the phenomenon of migration of young people during the economic crisis

This study identifies and proposes the approach of a new intelligent system regarding stopping the phenomenon of migration of young people during the current economic crisis. We investigate the manner in which the labour market and the educational system in Romania can contribute to the option of emigration as the only saving opportunity for more and more young people. The economic crisis influences the social-economic development and has a major impact on the decision of young people to migrate from Romania to those countries that may offer a general framework optimum for their future human and professional development. The objectives refer to the assessment of the tendencies of the migration phenomenon and to the analysis of the impact for the educational system. In the end, possible solutions are searched for the identified problems, with the purpose of drawing attention to the loss of our country, due to the migration of the most important segment of the labour market in Romania: the young people. The inductors of migration among young people are the professional-educational factors motivated by the wish to attend a form of higher education and the aspiration to a profession according to their formation. The impact of this study is produced in practice, through the results and conclusions of the analysis carried out.

Article first published in CES Working Papers, V. 4, n. 3, 2012, pp. 323-339. Reprinted with permission

View full Article in PDF

The MOOC model. Challenging traditional education

MOOCs represent the latest stage in the evolution of open educational resources. Here, the most important points will be shown: a turning point will occur in the higher education model when a MOOC-based program of study leads to a degree from an accredited institution, a trend that has already begun to develop; addressing the quality of the learning experience that MOOCs provide is therefore of paramount importance to their credibility and acceptance; MOOCs represent a postindustrial model of teaching and learning that has the potential to undermine and replace the business model of institutions that depend on recruiting and retaining students for location-bound, proprietary forms of campus-based learning.

Copyright 2013 James Mazoue. Article first published in Educause Review, Jan.-Febr. 2013, as open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence.

View full Article in PDF

Technology and Education: adaptation of TPACK model in the LMS adopted by CIHEAM IAMB

The LMS seems the most favourable solution for the application of different but complementary types of knowledge useful for technology based instruction. To test this assumption, the TPACK model was applied to the LMS adopted by CIHEAM Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari IAMB after a ten year experience of eLearning focused on the collaborative approach. Based on the experience carried out by MAIB, it results that the selected LMS Claroline is compatible with the philosophy expressed in the TPACK model, as it is equipped with appropriate tools to meet the teacher needs in the application of the pedagogical knowledge, content knowledge and technological knowledge. Moreover, in this article, the above knowledge is identified and localized in the selected platform to understand whether and how is the TPACK model suitable for this particular environment.

Received 21 February 2013
Revised 1 March 2013

View full Article in PDF

OER, Resources for learning – Experiences from an OER Project in Sweden

This article aims to share experience from a Swedish project on the introduction and implementation of Open Educational Resources (OER) in higher education with both national and international perspectives. The project, OER – resources for learning, was part of the National Library of Sweden Open Access initiative and aimed at exploring, raising awareness of and disseminating the use of OER and the resulting pedagogical advantages for teaching and learning. Central to the project’s activities were a series of regional seminars which all featured a combination of multi-site meetings combined with online participation. This combination proved highly successful and extended the reach of the project. In total the project reached around 1000 participants at its events and many more have seen the recorded sessions.

Article first published in “European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning”, 2012/II, ©Ebba Ossiannilsson, Alastair M. Creelman. Reprinted with permission.

View full article in PDF

Video-based Supplemental Instruction: creating opportunities for at-risk students undertaking Engineering Mathematics

Video Based Supplemental Instruction (VSI) provides students with an intensive learning experience that aims to help them succeed in a subject which they have previously failed. The program, which has proved successful in similar contexts, was piloted at the University of Western Sydney in an engineering mathematics subject with a high failure rate. Students face difficulty with this subject for a number of reasons, including lack of preparedness and lack of confidence or positive attitude towards mathematics. Consequently students tend to fall behind as the subject progresses and are therefore unable to complete assessments and the exam. This paper provides a case study of the VSI pilot and outlines the methodology of utilising pre-recorded lectures which are the primary VSI learning tool. It describes the outcomes for the attendees who had previously failed this demanding first year subject as well as the insights gained by the staff involved in this collaborative learning program.

Article first published in “Journal of Peer Learning”, V. 4 (2011), n. 1, © Lyn Armstrong, Clare Power, Carmel Coady, Lynette Dormer (2011). Reprinted with permission.

View full article in PDF