Category Archives: 2013/1-2

Editorial

The 6th International GUIDE Conference, to be held in Athens on October 3-4, 2013, will be focused on two research themes of high social impact in light of the rapidly changing, worldwide economic circumstances: the role of universities and distance education, adaptable to various situational contexts, as compared to the traditional model of university education. Furthermore, the conference will investigate and discuss the contribution that distance education may have on the present structural crisis at the general, national and comparative level.

Anna Baldazzi and Giovanni Briganti

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Funding crisis in higher education institutions: rationale for change

An important priority of public policy is to ensure that higher education institutions contribute to economic growth and social progress as a whole, especially in the context of today´s globalised markets and knowledge economy. It is crucial for any nation to have a good education system and strategic planning to improve learning outcomes, access to facilities, and efficient use of resources. This paper explained the rationale for change in funding higher education with comparison made based on previous literature in developed and developing countries.

Article first published in Asian Economic and Financial Review, V. 2, n. 4, pp. 562-576. Reprinted with permission.

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Tertiary education and the crisis of public finance

Turbulent economic environment after overwhelming the last crisis period is typical for present days as well as permanent increasing dependability of all our activities on information and communication technology (ICT). Although the global economic crisis was the reason for disinvestment into ICT in 2009 there is expected that ICT will generate almost 5.8 million new jobs in Europe till year 2013 and they have to be saturated also by adequately qualified ICT specialists.
This contribution presents the research in the progress focused on the tertiary education system in the Czech Republic. We are predicting trends in education and especially in ICT education in Europe and in the Czech Republic as well for next ten years. We can expect that future ten years period will be critical not only for the Czech tertiary education system, but also for the Czech Republic because number of ICT students will be decreasing and number of ICT specialist demanded by labor market will be increasing. From macroeconomic point of view we can expect that also state subventions into state governed tertiary education system will decrease in the whole Europe.
Some recommendations, proposals and forecasts for further development of education system are presented at the end of this contribution.

Copyright 2012 Milos Maryska, Petr Doucek. Article first published in Journal of Sistems Integration, V. 3, n. 2, 2012, pp. 74-87. Reprinted with permission

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Effects of culture and education on ethical responses on our global society

Two trends that affect communications are prevalent today: a focus on ethics in the U.S. business operations and an increasingly global society and marketplace. This research project brings together these trends to gain a more in-depth understanding of the impact of culture on ethical education. By surveying students in six countries around the globe, this study was able to get at the divergent cultural frameworks utilized in ethical decision-making. The results offer a significant contribution to our understanding of the cross-cultural implications on ethical values in the business context. This understanding provides unique insights into ethics education and the need for a contextual understanding of applied ethics.

Article first published in Global Advances in Business Communication, V. 1, n. 1, Article 5. Reprinted with permission

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Imitation system for humanoid robotics heads

This paperpresents a new system for recognition and imitation of a set of facial expressions using the visual information acquired by the robot. Besides, the proposed system detects and imitates the interlocutor´s head pose and motion.

Copyright2013 Felipe Andres Cid, Jose Augusto Prado, Pablo Manzano, Pablo Bustos, PedroNunez. Article firstpublished in Journal of Physical Agents, V. 7, n. 1, as open access articledistributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence.

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Actual requirements regarding the intellectual capital at an european and international level. The assessment of quality management systems in organisations providing instruction services

The European Union Council had and still has in view the profound changes taking place in society: globalization represents for Europe a competitors intensification in all the economical sectors, while the developing and the diversification of the information technologies can lead to a radical change of the whole learning and educational system, opening the perspectives for learning possibilities and accumulating knowledge during all one´s life.
The topic actuality of this article consist in the fact that, due to the globalization and the international competition intensification, the request for workers with a low qualification level decreases; the new jobs presuppose high performances, flexibility, stress on qualities such as: high level of performance, creativity, openness to change, initiative. People will be obliged to possess much more knowledge, competences and they will have to work in multi spheres teams. Of course not all the people can become conceptual analysts, but an adaptation to the new system, to the new economy is required.
At present, more and more people work in domains in which information is created. In the future this percentage will grow. The use on a large scale of machines and installations will determine that even workers from the basic domains to be better and better prepared. In the countries OECD the unemployment rate is higher for the persons with a second education, unlike the persons with a higher education, the manpower being in this way forced to become more qualified. On the other hand, as more and more work is taking place at an intellectual level, the detaining and manipulating of information becomes an essential quality for each employee. This article has as a main objective the highlighting of actual requirements regarding the quality assurance in instruction services at an European and international level. Thus, the permanent learning strategies from the European Union are presented, which aim at realizing a European space of knowledge. The concept of permanent learning is being analyzed as a new vision in the instruction domain, which is centered on the individual. An important aspect is the developing of basic personal competences and the validation of these through flexible qualification structures.
Due to the complexity of the processes and the context in which they are functioning, the instruction organizations should orient themselves to the models TQM, even though the standard ISO 9001 offers advantages at implementation, connected especially with the processes management, the document control and registrations. The proposed model being a TQM model adapted to the instructional domain and integrated with ISO 9001, can be easily utilized by these organizations.

Article first published in the Annal of the University of Oradea: Economic Science, V. 1, n. 2, pp. 782-787. Reprinted with permission

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Technology and Education: adaptation of TPACK model in the LMS adopted by CIHEAM IAMB

The LMS seems the most favourable solution for the application of different but complementary types of knowledge useful for technology based instruction. To test this assumption, the TPACK model was applied to the LMS adopted by CIHEAM Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari IAMB after a ten year experience of eLearning focused on the collaborative approach. Based on the experience carried out by MAIB, it results that the selected LMS Claroline is compatible with the philosophy expressed in the TPACK model, as it is equipped with appropriate tools to meet the teacher needs in the application of the pedagogical knowledge, content knowledge and technological knowledge. Moreover, in this article, the above knowledge is identified and localized in the selected platform to understand whether and how is the TPACK model suitable for this particular environment.

Received 21 February 2013
Revised 1 March 2013

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The MOOC model. Challenging traditional education

MOOCs represent the latest stage in the evolution of open educational resources. Here, the most important points will be shown: a turning point will occur in the higher education model when a MOOC-based program of study leads to a degree from an accredited institution, a trend that has already begun to develop; addressing the quality of the learning experience that MOOCs provide is therefore of paramount importance to their credibility and acceptance; MOOCs represent a postindustrial model of teaching and learning that has the potential to undermine and replace the business model of institutions that depend on recruiting and retaining students for location-bound, proprietary forms of campus-based learning.

Copyright 2013 James Mazoue. Article first published in Educause Review, Jan.-Febr. 2013, as open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence.

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The approach of an intelligent system for stopping the phenomenon of migration of young people during the economic crisis

This study identifies and proposes the approach of a new intelligent system regarding stopping the phenomenon of migration of young people during the current economic crisis. We investigate the manner in which the labour market and the educational system in Romania can contribute to the option of emigration as the only saving opportunity for more and more young people. The economic crisis influences the social-economic development and has a major impact on the decision of young people to migrate from Romania to those countries that may offer a general framework optimum for their future human and professional development. The objectives refer to the assessment of the tendencies of the migration phenomenon and to the analysis of the impact for the educational system. In the end, possible solutions are searched for the identified problems, with the purpose of drawing attention to the loss of our country, due to the migration of the most important segment of the labour market in Romania: the young people. The inductors of migration among young people are the professional-educational factors motivated by the wish to attend a form of higher education and the aspiration to a profession according to their formation. The impact of this study is produced in practice, through the results and conclusions of the analysis carried out.

Article first published in CES Working Papers, V. 4, n. 3, 2012, pp. 323-339. Reprinted with permission

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El e-learning 2.0: de la tecnologia a la metodologia

This article provides a theoretical framework through which shows the evolution of the different times that the Internet has developed and the educational possibilities that implies, through the evolution of e-learning, critical analysis on the errors in application, and the move towards the concept of e-learning 2.0, through tools such as social networking and personal learning environments, its most significant features and educational potential that arise when incorporate them into practice in higher education institutions.

Copyright 2012 Maria Carmen Llorente Cejudo. Article first published in Revista d´innovacio educativa, Monografico: Experiencias pedagogicas, innovacion e investigacion en ambitos educativos universitarios, n. 9, 2012, pp. 79-86. Reprinted with permission

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Employability in online higher education: a case study

Over the past 15 years, learning in distance education universities has become more interactive, flexible, collaborative, and participative. Nevertheless, some accounts have highlighted the importance of developing more instrumental and standardized educational practices to answer the challenges of employability. In fact, the choice of skills that are important to learning communities and the labour market has been the subject of controversy because it involves heterogeneous motives among different groups.
This paper compares the perceptions of employability skills in a sample of teachers from the Universidade Aberta and a sample of students who attend a local learning centre at this University. The research focused on the following dimensions: the most important employability skills, and the employability skills to be developed in online undergraduate degrees. To collect the required data, a questionnaire was prepared and applied to students and teachers taking the theoretical model of Knight and Yorke as its main reference. In spite of the specificity of each group, the results revealed some similarities between students and teachers with regard to employability. The conclusions also highlighted the need to promote research on this matter in online education.

Article first published in IRRODL The International Review of Research in open and distance learning, V. 14, n. 1, pp. 106-125, as open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence.

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The impact of economic crisis on higher education: Introduction

ERI-Net, the network of research institutions in the education field comprising of eight countries in Asia and the Pacific and established by UNESCO in 2009, has carried out a detailed investigation regarding the impact of the global financial crisis on Higher Education in the area.
The results of the study showed that many countries of the region didn´t reduce the public finances to the sector. On the contrary, in the medium-long term, they have adopted, as a common strategy to overcome the crisis, a massive investment policy in Higher Education, also through incentive systems and firm support to public-private partnerships.

First published as Introduction of the volume The Impact of Economic Crisis on Higher Education, published by UNESCO Bangkok, Thailand. Reprinted with permission.

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OECD Multilingual summaries. Education at a glance 2012. Summary in English

Is there a significant correlation between the impact of the economic crisis, that, from 2008 continues to rage worldwide, and the level of education and training of the individuals?
In other words, in the tough competition of the global knowledge economy, can great levels of education and training make up an effective defence for workers within a liquid and uncertain job market?
In this thick publication Education Indicators in Focus series, dated January 2012, the OECD, based on the revelation and continuous elaboration of much data and education and training indicators on a worldwide perspective, answers affirmatively.
In these years, in fact, the weight of the crisis has greatly hit those social groups with low levels of education, who are until now, the most exposed to unemployment and to extreme instabilities; university education, however, seems to guarantee, in a constant way and in all countries, more stable employment and relatively higher incomes.

Copyright OECD 2012. First published online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2012-sum-en Reprinted with permission

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Work and employment relations in a globalized world: the emerging texture of transnational labour regulation

While globalization has led to what can, with reference to Karl Polanyi, be referred to as a disembedding of the labour market from its nationally segmented settings, recent decades bring about a development identifiable as a countermovement. As the text shows, drawing on the example of European Works Councils and International Framework Agreements, this process of re-embedding takes place through a network of different measures of labour regulation. It is for this reason that establishing a relational perspective on crossborder phenomena in the field of labour relations can count as a central future aim in this strand of research.

Article first published in Global Labour Journal, Vol. 4, n. 1, 2013, p. 26-47. Reprinted with permission.

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Creativity and transversal skills to raise fair european students in a digital era

Internet and the telecommunication technologies are precious tools in the field of Education. They allow students benefiting and sharing from thousands of source of information in real time and almost freely. Unfortunately, students have not a critic approach towards content or author; the rank in the search engines is often considered a synonymous for accuracy and reliability. GENIUS project aimed at fighting against the phenomenon of Plagiarism providing distance learning pathways focused on supporting creativity and students transversal skills. Over 357 teachers and 381 students gained understanding of different types of plagiarism, copyright, methodologies to enhance creativity, and a new phenomenon, the cyber-bullism.

Received 3 March 2013
Revised 2 May 2013

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The global economic crisis and its consequences on the national educational systems: can online education contribute to overcome the crisis?

The VI International GUIDE Conference, organized under the patronage of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport of Greece, will be held this year on October 3-4 in Athens, a much premeditated locale for the discussion of the poignant topic, The Global Economic Crisis and its consequences on national educational systems: Can online education contribute to overcome the crisis?

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