All posts by Andrea Gentile

About Andrea Gentile

Università degli Studi “Guglielmo Marconi”, Rome, Italy

The Power of Images – How mass media can influence the human mind

ABSTRACT. Do the mass media condition and educate their audience with clever manipulation? In the current era of expanding digital technologies, our environment is often dominated by the power of images. Human tragedy in modern society is that our scientific-technological automatisms drive us too far from real and pure authenticity of feelings and emotions of the human being. Images and mass media systems determine passivity in the human mind and they do not develop experience, real motivations, spontaneity, creativity: they are not able to form creative and critical minds. In the sociological theory of Jürgen Habermas, the mass media are seen as being controlled by political and economic forces, which have an interest in manipulating the audience. The first rule for understanding «the human condition is that men live in second hand worlds». They are aware of much more than they have personally experienced and their own experience is always indirect. The quality of their lives is determined by meanings they have received from others. As Wright Mills suggested, we do live in a «second hand world», in which many of the things we know, were learned from others rather than experienced first hand.

This means, quite simply, that more than ever we are dependent on the meanings given us by the mass media and through mass communication.

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The impact of the world financial-economic crisis on the structure of higher education systems

How will be the impact of the world financial-economic crisis on the structure of higher education systems? How is it possible to modernise the structure of higher education systems and develop a new model of higher education systems? Following this area of research, our paper will be characterized by the following points: improving the quality and relevance of higher education systems; improving governance and financial funding; the landscape of universities and the international e-learning dimension of higher education systems; how modernise the structure of higher education systems; the impact of the world financial-economic crisis on the structure of higher education systems; universities and new challenges in financial-economic resources; modernising universities and new technological-scientific innovation; changes and reforms to develop a new model of higher education systems.

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