All posts by Dr. Mahmoud Watad

About Dr. Mahmoud Watad

William Paterson University - Wayne, New Jersey - USA

The organizational dynamics of knowledge and IT-enabled innovations

The paper presents an integrated framework for IT-enabled organizational innovations. The framework highlights the factors that affect the effective introduction of knowledge and information systems to become organizational innovations. It conceptualizes the innovation process as an open system and takes into consideration knowledge management and performance evaluation. The rationale for this framework is that because of the narrow scope of current frameworks, managers and IT personnel often fail to see the whole picture of their organizations. This difficulty reduces managers´ ability to understand the interrelationships between IT-based innovations and business processes. Consequently, introducing IT/IS into an organizational context doesn´t achieve its intended objectives and often fails entirely. The framework will be useful to managers in their efforts to transform their organizational operations with the use of IT applications.

© 2010 The Author. Article originally published in ‘Journal of Technology Research’, V. 2 (2010), //
Reprinted with permission

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Emotional agents for collaborative elearning

In this paper, we discuss the social intelligence that renders affective behaviors of intelligent agents and its application to a collaborative learning system. We argue that socially appropriate affective behaviors would provide a new dimension for collaborative learning systems.  The description of a system to recognize the six universal facial expressions (happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, and disgust) using an agent-based approach is presented. Then, we describe how emotions can efficiently and effectively be visualized in CVEs, with an animated virtual head (Emotional Embodied Conversational Agent) that is designed to express and act in response to the ‘universal facial expressions’. The objective of the paper is to present the emotional framework -EMASPEL (Emotional Multi-Agents System for Peer to peer E-Learning) – based on the Multi-Agents Architecture approach.

Received: September 17th, 2007

Revised: September 30th, 2007

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