Issue: 2018/3-4


This issue of Formamente concludes the year 2018, focusing essentially on long distance learning, on e-learning, on open access resources and on the pervasiveness of Google’s applications in reference to the curriculum, and to professors evaluation and training.
The publication opens with a preliminary case study on the new emerging trends amongst research professionals: independent researchers, unaffiliated to public entities, those favoring new technologies and network systems, and self-financed researchers.
In the Research section, in the realm of open access resources, there is an interesting study regarding modern and ancient literature training material available online, including digital and multimedia. Despite the initial reluctance towards e-learning methodologies, classical civilization professors integrated these innovative strategies to favor the transmission of the immaterial cultural patrimony.
In the Application section, the Pangasinan State University in the Philippines highlights the results obtained by the GSuite of Education application adopted in 2012 for distance learning and blended learning formats. Complementary to this global scholastic approach are several projects including the training project Thinking Together, relative to the use of new technologies in class; interview as a research approach for the evaluation of professor’s curriculum that practice online learning. Nonetheless, in the same section, the BIM (Building Information Modeling) article evaluates territorial regeneration through the organization and the digitalization of the construction process.
The Highlights section traces the captivating story of the Campagna romana, from the urban invasion at the beginning of the 20’s to the modern urban explosion of Rome, with the consequential fragmentation and degradation of the city. In this respect, the agricultural environment is undergoing an ecological regeneration to increment urban sustainability. To conclude, the publication ends with a thought-provoking reflection on the Geopolitical revival, extrapolated by the volume Reflections on Geopolitics by the selfsame author.

Unaffiliated researchers: a preliminary study

ABSTRACT. This paper aims at exploring the apparently rising trend of unaffiliated researchers. It does so by analyzing a set of scholarly publications where the authors states to be an “independent researcher” in place of the affiliation. Some of the characteristics of this set are explained along with directions on how to expand research on this topic.

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The teaching of classical literary subjects – The use of new technologies for distance learning

ABSTRACT. This paper suggests a reflection on the educational potential offered by new technologies applied to the field of modern and classical literature, not only for study and scientific research, but also for academic education. Study and scientific research about humanities have greatly changed their physiognomy in recent years. The use of methodologies, logics and technologies is, in fact, associated with various kinds of media and digital resources. After an initial phase of conservatism, academic teaching of humanistic disciplines has increasingly adopted multimedia and e-learning strategies. I will therefore analyze some multimedia teaching tools for classical subjects as effective means for teaching, which do not simply constitute a transposition of the content, but are used as an equally effective method of transmission of the ancient literary heritage. The conclusion will focus on the heated debate about the relationship between humanistic literary culture and digital culture.

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Google’s GSuite applications in Open University system’s perspective

ABSTRACT. Online Learning is one of the needed requirement for distance education. Electronic learning plays a vital role in education nowadays. Electronic learning with the use of computers plays an important role in modern education. Its contribution lies in the fact that content is available at any place and device from a fixed device to mobile device. The requirement of the PSU Open University Systems to conduct blended learning is a learning management systems or another platform that is available online. Google released tools available under GSuite for Education. Since 2012, Pangasinan State University is subscribed to GSuite for Education, and recently Google introduces several applications for an educational institution such as the Classroom. The main objective of this research is to identify the usability and evaluation based on the teacher’s perspective on the use of GSuite applications such as Google Classroom, Hangouts, and other application.

This study also measures the problems encountered and the satisfaction level in the use of applications based on the result of the study, the respondents agreed that GSuite application such as Classroom and Hangouts is recommended to use as a tool in blended learning education, but it was found out that the applications are all suitable to the needs of the Open University Systems. The result of this study is significant in order to adopt the GSuite application only in the blended learning approach for Open University Systems.

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A possible tool for the territory regeneration – Organization and digitalization of the building process through BIM

ABSTRACT. The digitalization of processes in the rather backward construction sector is a fundamental and strategic step forwards that can no longer be postponed. Inasmuch, there is no doubt that it will bring about a full-scale revolution affecting every player in the building process: clients, builders, professionals, property managers and users, the credit system, the insurance system, etc. However, the broadness and impact of this cultural leap, this change of paradigm, cannot spread among building process stakeholders in a rapid, complete and uniform way. This difficulty seems already to emerge from the initial complicated attempts in the public works sphere where the process of change, which ought to be generated starting from full awareness by Contracting Stations, is only now taking its first steps. The recent ratification of the so-called “BIM Decree” (as envisaged in Article 23 paragraph 13 of the Tender Procurement Code/Legislative Decree No. 50/2016) however, at least confirms the mandatory launch of this approach in coming years for Public Works. The BIM may come forward as an “influential epi-phenomenon of digitization” (A. Ciribini). The way forward towards digitization should therefore embrace organization as an essential element for effective application in processes involving the construction sector, where digitization really should play an increasingly decisive role. Such awareness would also allow designers or small design organizations to approach specific individual aspects, that could be tackled by applying innovative logics, thereby helping to promote necessary widespread distribution of experiences dealt with in a more modern manner. In conclusion, the Italian route towards to digitalization may well start from the organized juxtaposition of individual experiences, thereby stimulating the transition into the future from the particular to the general. The task, therefore, is to identify feasible operational practices rather than improbable and abstract complex theoretical models (as already mentioned, not readily applicable in the Italian context) that are probably premature at the present time. Such operational practices will naturally have to be clearly defined and refer to a broad scenario where university research and the world of standardization are reliable landmarks. This research describes and analyzes some of these practices, which seem to confirm the practicability of this pragmatic approach that, as already mentioned, is perhaps unique in the particular Italian scenario and based on incremental organization and digitalisation of the process or, as suggested, specific parts of it.

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Dialogue, thinking together and digital technology in the classroom: some educational implications of a continuing line of inquiry

ABSTRACT. This article describes a continuing programme of school-based applied research. The basis of this research, which originated in a project called ‘Thinking Together’, lies in the relationship between language and cognitive development postulated by sociocultural theory. The research has developed and tested methods for improving the quality of classroom interaction amongst teachers and students, looking for improved levels of collaboration, reasoning, and academic attainment as the desirable outcomes. A key strand of this research concerns the use of digital technology for supporting classroom dialogue and students’ emerging thinking over time. As we will explain, the outcomes of several research projects pursuing this line of enquiry have yielded positive results, which have direct implications for classroom pedagogy and practice.

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Curriculum evaluation in online education: the case of teacher candidates preparing online for public personnel selection examination

ABSTRACT. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficiency of an online curriculum based on the views of lecturers and students enrolled in the program. The study is mainly based on survey method. In order to collect qualitative data, interviews forms developed by the researcher were used.

The reliability and validity of the interview forms were checked by experts of the field. The qualitative data was analysed through content analysis. In the first place, data was coded, the themes emerged, the codes and themes were arranged by the researcher. As a final step, the findings were coded and interpreted. Based on the findings of the study, the strengths and weaknesses of the online curriculum were identified and a number of suggestions were offered based on the findings.

The results of the study indicate that both learners and lecturers believe that online education is beneficial as well as productive and they are satisfied with the process. Online education was found to be preferable because it is time-saving, more economical, and flexible. On the other hand, limited interaction, unsustainable motivation, and problems caused by insufficient infrastructure were found to be negative aspects of online curriculum.

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