Paul Ricoeur – Il linguaggio metaforico come espressione di libertà creativa

ABSTRACT. This paper focuses on the rule of metaphor in Paul Ricoeur’s philosophy of language. In his Multi-Disciplinary Studies in the Creation of Meaning in Language (1975), the French philosopher shows the fundamental power of human language in constructing the world we perceive. He reveals the processes by which linguistic imagination creates and recreates meaning through metaphor. He develops a “linguistic philosophy of freedom,” and a hermeneutics of the subject based on human capabilities. According to Ricoeur, to exist is to act: speaking, doing, telling, and assuming responsibility for the act committed. The very “being” of human beings is to act and the effort to be. In this perspective, the human interiority is considered as dynamic production (enérgeia, conatus): it is a complex ontology of homo capax based on the human freedom and possibilities of language. Being as act and potentiality is the dominant meta-category that governs Ricoeur’s philosophical anthropology, widely developed in the work Oneself as Another (1990).

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