Policies for editors
- Editors and editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
- Editors and editorial board members will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the authors’ explicit written consent.
- The editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication undergo peer-review by a reviewer who is expert in the field.
Policies for reviewers
- Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communications with authors, may assist authors in improving their manuscripts.
- Any invited referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.
- Any manuscripts received for review are confidential documents and must be treated as such.
- Reviews should be conducted objectively and observations formulated clearly with supporting arguments so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript. Personal criticism of the authors is inappropriate.
- Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.
Policies and ethics for authors
- Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed and the results, followed by an objective discussion of the significance of the work.
- Authors should ensure that they have written and submit only entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited.
- Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study.
- Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data.
- All submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.
- When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
- Statements of compliance are required if the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, or if it involves the use of animal or human subjects.
- Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper.