Tag Archives: Academic research

Recherches partenariales: coordination et coopération entre chercheurs d’entreprise et chercheurs universitaires

The partnerships created between researchers of Research and Development (R&D) companies and university researchers offer multiple assets: an addition of expertises mobilized to answer concrete perspectives, or the advantage of knowledge updated by colleagues to lead activities of publications and formalizations. However, the variety of the objectives of the stakeholders as well as the short temporality of execution towards the university criteria make it sometimes difficult to realize all the purposes assigned to these researches, as we shall see by an analysis of partnership researches in the R&D of a company. In this context, the emergence and the realization of the partnership rest on the researchers´ capacity to elaborate an appropriate work organization, procedures of coordination and relations of cooperation which are based on an exchange of ‘gifts’. However, the specific constraints related to research within companies, the ambiguity of the exchange and the problematic evaluation of the research can create problems for partnerships. We shall approach these points by the observation of several research projects which were done in partnership in the R&D department of a company and several interviews conducted with researchers of this company.

Article originally published in Revue Interventions Économiques / Papers in Political Economy, n. 43(2011). Reprinted with permission

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An academic perspective on research and being a researcher: an integration of the literature

This article provides an integrative review of the developing body of literature investigating academics’ ways of understanding research. The resulting review highlights implicit variation between different studies in the focus they have taken to addressing this research question, varyingly emphasising academics’ research intentions, questions, processes and/or outcomes. It is suggested that these four foci represent different dimensions of academics’ understandings of the nature of research. The review is followed by the report of an empirical study that brings these dimensions together in an integrated way by clarifying relationships between academics’ experiences of: research intentions (who is affected by the research), research outcomes (the anticipated impact of the research), research questions (the nature of the object of study), research process (how research is undertaken), and researcher affect (underlying feelings about research). The last dimension, researcher affect, has not been found in previous studies. This may be due to the focus taken in this study on ways of understanding ‘being a researcher’,  rather than ways of understanding ‘research’ per se.

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